Kidney stones are small "pebbles" of salt and mineral in the urine. The most common symptom is severe pain. Most stones pass on their own. However in some cases they may get deposited in the kidney which might require surgical intervention to remove them. If the Kidney Stones are more than 10 mm in size then mostly they have to be removed by Surgery which is done by a Urologist.
Kidney stones are formed due to the following reasons:
One of the most common causes for Kidney stone is Vitamin D Deficiency. Since Vitamin D acts as Calcium Channel Regulator, its deficiency causes calcium imbalance in the body. The excess calcium is removed via kidneys and this causes deposition of calcium in kidneys.
Kidney stones keep moving further but sometimes get stuck in the kidneys causing hydronephrosis. Sometimes they get stuck in the ureter and require to be removed through ureteroscopy. At our Hospitals more than 95% of the Kidney stones are removed without Surgery.
A person forms kidney stones because the parathyroid glands produces too much of a hormone, which leads to higher calcium levels and possibly calcium kidney stones.
Kidney stones are also formed when your doctor prescribes you calcium supplements to cover up the Vitamin D Deficiency. Excess calcium is thrown out of the body through urine or stool and this causes either the kidney stones or gall bladder stones.
According to our Urologists the symptoms for Kidney Stones may include:
If the kidney stones are very small they may not present any symptoms and may be treated by medicine without requiring surgery. The most common symptom of kidney stones is sudden and severe pain that gets worse and radiates. Stones may cause intense pain in the back, side, abdomen, groin or genitals.
Sometimes pain due to kidney stones can be accompanied with nausea and vomitting.
Blood in the urine (haematuria), which can occur either with stones that stay in the kidney or with those that travel through the ureter.
Frequent and painful urination, which may occur when the stone is in the ureter or after the stone has left the bladder and is in the urethra. Painful urination may also be caused by Urinary Tract Infection which is differentiated by the Urologists.
Medical Management - For smaller kidney stones the most common medical management is the use of water and diuretics. Drinking 8-12 glasses of water will help in flushing out the kidney stones. Lemon Juice also helps in breaking the kidney stones and flushing them out. A lot of people advise `Drinking Beer' which has the same effect on the body as Diuretics meaning that it produces more urine and increases the pressure of the urine which helps in flushing out the kidney stones. However the alcohol content in the beer is not helping your health in any manner. So stick to water and stay healthy.
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) - ESWL or lithotripsy procedure is the best treatment for kidney stone when the size of the stone is not too large and the stone is also not too old. In this procedure the stones are broken into small particles using shock waves and then the kidney stones pass through urine. The cost of this procedure is USD 1200 for each sitting and may be a costly option as 2-3 sittings might be required.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) - This is the minimally invasive procedure to remove the kidney stones. This is also the most widely used and one of the best methods for surgical removal of kidney stones. In this case if the kidney stone is big in size then the doctor will break the stone and take out most of the pieces during the surgery and very small particles pass through urine as in case of ESWL. This surgery is done by Urologists at our hospitals. The cost of PCNL Surgery ranges between USD 2000-3000.
Ureteroscopic Stone Removal -This procedure is used to remove kidney stones stuck in ureter. This does not need any incision, rather a urteroscope is inserted through the opening of the penis or vagina to visualize the location of the kidney stone and take it out. A stent is left for a week for flow of urine and stone particles. The cost of this procedure is USD 1500-2500.
The hospital stay for these surgeries is only 1-2 days and the patient can fly back home within a week.
A good hospital needs to have qualified doctors with good experience. Most of the hospitals in the vicinity offer services of doctors who either do not have proper qualifications or do not possess requisite experience. We do not claim to be a tertiary care hospital providing services across all the streams of medicine and surgery but whatever service you get at Yashlok Hospital are first class in terms of quality.
We are probably the only hospital which has an inhouse Ultrasound and Colour Doppler facility. The hospital has state of art Digital X-Ray, ECG, Pathology Lab, Dental Centre, Physiotherapy Centre and Inhouse Pharmacy. The operating room at the hospital has the deployment of cutting edge technology which gives us the confidence of doing the most complex of the surgeries with relative ease.
Healthcare is a very different stream from any other service industry. People come to us only when they are in a problem which they are not able to understand. All our team members are thoroughly trained to provide the medical care with highest ethical standards and with compassion and empathy. The entire care programme is designed keeping the centricity of the patient in mind.
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